Dimensions of Culture

Geert Hofstede’s "dimensions of culture," from his book Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind, as summarized in New Architect by Aaron Marcus back in March 2003.

 

1. Power distance is the extent to which people accept social hierarchies and the power gaps they create.
2. Individualism versus collectivism is the orientation to personal; or group achievements.
3. Masculinity versus femininity is the degree to which a culture separates; or does not separate traditional gender roles.
4. Uncertainty avoidance is the degree to which a culture is uncomfortable; with ambiguity and seeks certainty.
5. Long-term time orientation is a culture’s orientation to Confucian; thought, which emphasizes patience.

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